top of page

Accessibility in Disadvantaged Areas

It is necessary for the development of both urban and rural areas to ensure that people have proper access to various facilities, including markets, healthcare facilities, educational institutions, and others. Good access to facilities increases connectivity and stimulates agriculture, trade, commerce, health, education, and other social and economic facilities, and consequently, reduces poverty, isolation, and social exclusion. Despite having less access to essential facilities than urban areas, rural and coastal areas and their concerns are always overlooked by the policymakers. Poor accessibility is the main barrier to the development of rural and coastal areas, and it causes poverty, low productivity, isolation, social exclusion, poor health, etc. Therefore, this study evaluated the spatial accessibility to market, healthcare, and educational facilities in selected rural and coastal areas of Bangladesh by developing a practical, reliable, adaptable, and easily comprehensible approach for measuring accessibility. The project's results and suggestions would make it easier for engineers, planners, and policymakers to find lagging areas and take the steps needed to fix accessibility problems.


  • Zafri, N. M., Nurullah, M., Neema, M. N., & Waliullah, M. (2021). Spatial accessibility to healthcare facilities in coastal region of Bangladesh. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [DOI

  • Zafri, N. M., Sameen, I., Jahangir, A., Tabassum, N., & Hasan, M. M. U. (2020). A multi-criteria decision-making approach for quantification of accessibility to market facilities in rural areas: An application in Bangladesh. GeoJournal, Springer. [DOI]


Weights of the selected factors to quantify and rank the accessibility to market facilities

Screenshot 2022-11-02 091958.jpg

Accessibility to various types of healthcare facilities in a coastal district (Patuakhali)

Screenshot 2022-11-02 092352.jpg

Overall accessibility to healthcare facilities in a coastal district (Patuakhali)

Project Details

Project Timeline: 2017-2019

Project Type: Studio Work

Funding: Department of Urban and Regional Planning (URP), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)

Main Team Members:

  • Niaz Mahmud Zafri, Assistant Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET

  • Nawshin Tabassum, Research Assistant (RA), Metropolitan Research Center, University of Utah

  • Dr. Md. Musleh Uddin Hasan, Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET

  • Dr. Meher Nigar Neema, Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET

  • Md Nurullah, Additional Chief Engineer (Retired), Local Government Engineering Department (LGED)

bottom of page