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  • Niaz Mahmud Zafri

Who Uses Urban Parks? A Study of User Characteristics and Activity Patterns of Ramna Park, Dhaka

Updated: Feb 4, 2022

Journal: International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University


  • Niaz Mahmud Zafri

  • Anurima Jahangir

  • Ahmed Aflan Prithul

  • Mashrur Rahman

  • Nusrat Sharmin

  • Ishrat Islam

Abstract: A growing body of research shows positive association between parks and physical activity, but very few studies have investigated the characteristics of users and how the activities vary according to different user groups. The purpose of this study was to investigate the socio-demographic profile of the users, their activities and motivation of visiting the park. Total 400 users of Ramna Park were surveyed in face to face interview in different time periods. The participants were asked to provide information about their socio-economic profile, frequency and purpose of visit, mobility and activity patterns in the park and level of satisfaction about different facilities. At a random selection of the sample, we found larger proportion of male visitors than female visitors with a majority in the age group 40-60 years. The park has a large catchment area which extends beyond the range of walking distance and the frequency of visiting the park was found closely associated with the proximity of the users. Besides, no significant association was found between the proximity and duration of staying in the park. An overwhelming majority of the visitors come to the park for health purpose mainly for walking, jogging and physical exercise. The findings suggest that the purpose of visiting the park significantly varies according to the gender and age group of the respondents. The visitors were also asked about their satisfaction level and problems they usually faced based on their individual perception. Most of them raised their concerns for poor toilet facility and waste management.


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